SURFACE ENHANCED STRUCTURALLY ADVANCED

IDEAL

STIFFNESS

Patented repeatable pattern without
the need for solid framework
significantly reduces the device
stiffness, comparable to PEEK

SURFACE OSSEOINTEGRATION

Additive manufacturing in addition to
proprietary post processing help
to produce cell-friendly
surface nanostructures
and microstructures

INTUITIVE

SCAFFOLDING

Three uniquely different interconnected
channels of porosity each provide
an optimal function for
the device in the fusion process

SURFACE ENHANCED STRUCTURALLY ADVANCED

Harnessing a patented structure, Ti3D technology provides a unique interconnected framework with ideal topography to maximize osseointegration.

MACRO – Interconnected Structure

Ti3D technology features a fully connected, open architecture that is structurally sound without the need for solid members or framework like standard 3D printed “porous” cages. This network contributes to an ideal stiffness, comparable to that of PEEK and cortical bone; while providing a lattice for bone in growth, which may increase the probability of a biomechanical fusion.

LEARN MORE ABOUT Ti3D STRUCTURE

Interconnected Structure

Ti3D technology features a fully connected, open architecture that is structurally sound without the need for solid members or framework like standard 3D printed “porous” cages. This network contributes to an ideal stiffness, comparable to that of PEEK and cortical bone; while providing a lattice for bone in growth, which may increase the probability of a biomechanical fusion.

LEARN MORE ABOUT Ti3D STRUCTURE

MICRO – Attachment Landmarks

The micro roughness of the proprietary Ti3D surface has been shown to be favorable for bone attachment and ongrowth1. The surface design, manufacturing and post processing techniques all contribute to the beneficial environment for cellular attachment and bone proliferation.

LEARN MORE ABOUT Ti3D OSSEOINTEGRATION

Attachment Landmarks

The micro roughness of the proprietary Ti3D surface has been shown to be favorable for bone attachment and ongrowth1. The surface design, manufacturing and post processing techniques all contribute to the beneficial environment for cellular attachment and bone proliferation.

LEARN MORE ABOUT Ti3D OSSEOINTEGRATION

NANO – Surface Topography

Cellular response to a material’s nano surface characteristics plays an important role in overall bone apposition and proliferation. The nano surface of Ti3D has been shown to support rapid cellular attachment, communication and propagation1.

LEARN MORE ABOUT Ti3D CELLULAR RESPONSE

Surface Topography

Cellular response to a material’s nano surface characteristics plays an important role in overall bone apposition and proliferation. The nano surface of Ti3D has been shown to support rapid cellular attachment, communication and propagation1.

LEARN MORE ABOUT Ti3D CELLULAR RESPONSE

Strength Where Necessary

The patented Ti3D structure is designed to have superior mechanical integrity while providing an ideal stiffness.

Many 3D printed cages promote the perceived “benefit” of a randomized trabecular design, however when standing up to the demands of insertion forces and mechanical loads, leave structural integrity to chance.

Demonstrative tests have shown Ti3D interbodies are structurally sound during implantation and post operative loading.  In this video, the same sample was impacted into four unique locations with over 70 aggressive mallet strikes with no visible fractures or deformations and no visible wear debris or flaking.

Ideal Stiffness

Most titanium cage designs require solid framework in order to meet the mechanical demands applied to interbody cages during insertion and loading. Ti3D applies a specific patented matrix that is designed for ideal stiffness in compression, allowing the implant to deflect under load to mimic a more natural stiffness.

Engineering mechanical modeling has shown machined titanium to be up to 13.38x stiffer than Ti3D1.

Structural Waveform

Ti3D Structural Waveform is designed to reduce the stiffness of the device by deflecting the load through internal wave shaped members, contributing to the ideal stiffness profile; while providing a structurally sound network for strength and durability.

Other 3D printed cages require solid framework to provide mechanical support to hold up to the stresses applied on insertion and postoperative loading.

Structural Waveform

Ti3D Structural Waveform is designed to reduce the stiffness of the device by deflecting the load through internal wave shaped members, contributing to the ideal stiffness profile; while providing a structurally sound network for strength and durability.

Other 3D printed cages require solid framework to provide mechanical support to hold up to the stresses applied on insertion and postoperative loading.

Subsidence vs. Graft Surface Area

Historically, greater graft area equates to thinner cage walls, leading to more subsidence.

Ti3D patented “Snowshoe” cephalad/caudal porosity reverses this problem. 

Testing has shown that Ti3D interbody to have 29% greater bone graft surface area, while lowering displacement (subsidence) by 31% at peak loads, compared to a PEEK interbody of identical footprint.

OSSEOINTEGRATION – SHEEP STUDY

Bone In-Growth Model
Bilateral model with 20 year history in SORL, Sydney Australia

Sample size at 4 and 12 weeks
Cortical sites:  n=6
Cancellouis sites:  n=4

Endpoint Sites
Cortical sitese:  Shear strength, histology
Cancellous sites:  Histology

OSSEOINTEGRATION – SHEEP STUDY

Bone In-Growth Model
Bilateral model with 20 year history in SORL, Sydney Australia

Sample size at 4 and 12 weeks
Cortical sites:  n=6
Cancellouis sites:  n=4

Endpoint Sites
Cortical sitese:  Shear strength, histology
Cancellous sites:  Histology

4 Weeks

12 Weeks

Bone Apposition

4 Weeks

12 Weeks

Bone Apposition

Cellular Response

A cellular response study of the nano topography of the Ti3D surface was conducted at the renowned Surgical and Orthopaedic Research Laboratory (SORL), under the leadership of distinguished Professor Bill Walsh. The unique surface structure supported rapid cellular attachment and proliferation.

Cellular Response

A cellular response study of the nano topography of the Ti3D surface was conducted at the renowned Surgical and Orthopaedic Research Laboratory (SORL), under the leadership of distinguished Professor Bill Walsh. The unique surface structure supported rapid cellular attachment and proliferation.

1 Hour

5 Hours

20 Hours

1 Hour

5 Hours

20 Hours